Floor Hockey Study Guide



·        Center: player who is allowed to move the length of the floor in a full game.  This player also leads the offensive play.

·        Wings or Forwards (right and left): players who cannot go past the centerline into the defensive area, responsible for working with the center on offensive play

·        Defenders: players who cannot go past the centerline into the offensive area, responsible for keeping the puck out of the defensive half of the floor

·        Goalie: player allowed to stop the puck with hands, feet, or stick, attempts to block all shots on the goal, and works with defenders to prevent the other team from scoring


Techniques for Play:

·        Always play in a safe manner & use good stick and body control.

·        In PE floor hockey the sticks & puck must remain in contact w/ the floor.

·        Keep your eye on the puck.

·        Pass to a teammate if they are in better position.

·        Passing is faster than dribbling or handling the puck.

·        When passing to a teammate, be sure to pass just ahead of them.

·        Follow all shots on goal and use a deflected puck to shoot again.

·        Wrist action is very important in floor hockey.

·        Defense players should never attempt to clear a puck in front of their goal.

·        Defensive players should clear the puck out to the side.

·        Offensive players should position themselves in front of the goal to receive a pass.

·        Offensive players should center the puck (pass to a teammate in front of the goal).



·        Centering the Puck: passing to a teammate who is in front of your opponent's goal.

·        Forehand: when a player shoots or passes with the bottom hand pushing the stick forward.

·        Backhand: when a player shoots or passes with the bottom hand pulling the stick forward.

·        Clear the Puck: getting the puck out of your zone to prevent your opponents from scoring.

·        Cutting Down the Angle: when the goalie comes out to force a player to shoot farther away from the goal.  If the goalie comes too early or too far the offensive player may go around them to score an easy goal.

·        Dribble: also known as stick handling or puck handling.  It is the ability to use both sides of the blade to move the puck.

·        Face-off: face-offs are used at the beginning of the game, after a score, and after each stoppage in play.   The puck is dropped between 2 opponents with all other players being outside the face-off circle / area.  The object is to pull the puck back to your side. Both players' sticks must start on their side and remain in contact with the floor until the puck is dropped.  Face-offs may be in the center circle or in either team's zone.

·        Goal: scoring in floor hockey.  Each goal is worth one point.  A goal counts when a puck crosses the goal line.  A puck kicked or hit by the hand into the goal is not a score.

·        High sticking: a penalty called when a player lifts the blade above the waist, winds up, or follows through when attempting an illegal shot (slap-shot)

·        Hooking: the illegal use of the hockey stick to "hook" another player.  This is a penalty.

·        Icing: when a player on the defensive side of the floor sends the puck down the length of the floor and it crosses the designated line without being touched by a teammate.

·        Offside: when players move or cross out of the designated areas assigned to their position.

·        Penalty: given for roughing, high sticking, hooking, or other misconduct fouls that are illegal.  The player charged with the penalty will sit out of the game for a designated period of time (usually two minutes in official hockey).  Any player who accumulates five penalties during a game will be disqualified from playing.

·        Power play: when the team with all their players (full strength) has an advantage over a team charged with a penalty that now must play with less players (short-handed).

·        Roughing: play that endangers.  Examples of roughing may be slashing, contact with the goalie, pushing, blocking with the body, or tripping.

·        Short handed: when a team must continue playing with fewer players because of a penalty.

·        Slap shot: involves swinging the stick back followed by a “powerful” slapping of the puck and follow through which brings the stick high (illegal in PE floor hockey)

·        Stick handling: using alternating taps of both sides of the blade to move the puck.  Also known as dribbling and puck handling.

·        Sudden death: when two teams are tied at the end of a game and the next team to score wins and ends the game.

·        Wrist shot: when a player uses a flicking motion to move the puck.  The stick remains in contact with the floor.  There should be no back swing or high follow through.  This is the best shot for speed and accuracy in floor hockey.