Basic Rules of the Game:

  1. Object of the game: Opposing teams advance the ball down the field toward the opponent's goal and attempt to score.
  2. Team Composition:
  3. Basic Skills:
  4. Time Factors:
  5. Starting Play: Kick-off
  6. Scoring:
  7. Out of bounds:
  8. Fouls:
  9. Penalties:
  10. Tie-ball: 2 or more opposing players catch the ball at the same time or it cannot be determined which player last touched the ball. 


  1. Aerial ball: ball that has been raised into the air directly from a kick by one or both foot (includes a punt, dropkick, and kick-up, or a thrown ball which has not touched the ground)
  2. Air Dribble: a player tosses the ball into the air to themselves (limit of one per player possession)
  3. Attackers: offensive team members (those in possession of the ball) who are attempting to score
  4. Blocking the ball: intercepting the progress of the ball with any part of the body (A ground ball may not be blocked with the hands / arms)
  5. Boxing-up: 2 players guard the same opponent (illegal play).
  6. Clearing: throw or kick by the goalkeeper after stopping the ball in the penalty area
  7. Cross: kicking the ball from one side of the field to the other
  8. End Line (Goal Line): boundary line marking the ends of the field
  9. Dead Ball: when play is stopped (Examples: out-of-bounds ball, after a score, fouls, during timeouts, tie balls)
  10. Defenders: members of the defensive team attempting to gain possession of the ball from the offensive attackers
  11. Double fouls: violations of the rules committed at the same time by opposing players
  12. Dribble: succession of kicks where the player keeps control of the ball
  13. Drop ball: the ball is held by the referee who lets it fall directly to the ground between two opponents, play begins when it touches the ground, goals may be scored directly from a drop ball
  14. Drop kick: a caught ball is dropped to the ground and the player kicks it as it bounces off the ground
  15. Field Goal: score that occurs when the ball passes completely over the goal line, between the goal posts, and under the crossbar
  16. Foul: violation of the rules for which a free kick or penalty kick is awarded the opponents
  17. Ground ball: ball that has last touched the ground (may be rolling, bouncing, or stationary on the ground), the ball remains a ground ball until it is played into the air from a foot
  18. Hand Ball: violation when a ground ball is blocked with the hands or arms
  19. Kick-up: converting a ground ball into an aerial ball by lifting or kicking with one or both feet, where the ball must be in the air, free from personal contact, before it is caught
  20. Penalty area: 10' area directly in front of the goal line (only the goalkeeper may use their hands in this area)
  21. Penalty kick: direct free kick from the penalty kick mark, awarded to the offense for fouls committed by the defense in the penalty area
  22. Pivot: play in which a player holding the ball steps once or more, in any direction with the same foot while keeping the pivot foot in contact with the ground
  23. Place kick: play in which the player, with or without the preliminary steps, kicks a stationary ball
  24. Punt: player drops a caught ball and meets the descending ball with the foot before it touches the ground
  25. Save: shots at the goal, which are stopped by the goalkeeper
  26. Tie Ball: two or more opposing players catch the ball at the same time or when it cannot be determined which player last touched the ball (play is resumed with a drop ball)
  27. Touch line: boundary line on each side of the field
  28. Throw In: player restarts play by throwing the ball into the field after it has crossed a boundary line, can be made by any player, has no restrictions on legal technique
  29. Trapping: stopping the ball's flight by securing it under the foot, between both foot, or between the front of the legs and the ground